"Technology enhances braille,
it does not make it obsolete."



Little girl playing



In association with UKAAF, a list has been formed to discuss issues surrounding Unified English Braille (UEB).

There are currently many questions being asked, some of a quite technical nature, and it is hoped that it will be possible to gather these together in the form of an FAQ or knowledge base.

Since UEB has been adopted almost world-wide, we hope that the experience already gained by those who have been using UEB for some time, will be passed on to newer adopters.

To subscribe, send a blank message to ueb-ed-request@freelists.org with the word subscribe in the Subject. (If your e-mail software supports it, you may be able to simply click on the link to create a message and send)


Readasaurus Kit
CNIB launched the Readasaurus Kit at the 2014 Braille Conference. The kit contains fun tips and tools to help young children develop literacy skills. It also includes tip sheets to help parents learn the braille alphabet.

Ozzie Dots
A tool to help kids and teachers learn UEB.

Guidelines and Standards for Tactile Graphics

Graphing Calculator Guidelines, 2011 (download)

Characteristics of Canadian School-Aged Children Who Read Braille (download)
A report on the characteristics of Canadian school-aged braille readers.

DOTS for Braille Literacy
A free newsletter from the American Foundation for the Blind (AFB) for teachers and others interested in issues of braille literacy.

The Transforming Braille Project
The objective of the project is to identify a breakthrough solution which will radically reduce the cost of refreshable braille technology so that it both comes within the reach of blind people in developing countries but also allows braille libraries to give readers the choice of cheap electronic text files and more expensive hard copy braille.

Strategies for Teaching Braille to Adults
This is a website containing information and a list of resources (including available curricula) for teaching braille to adults that has been compiled by the American Foundation for the Blind:

AFB Bookstore
The bookstore of the American Foundation for the Blind contains a wide range of material related to blindness and visual impairment, in particular books for professionals. This link contains a list of the braille and literacy related books available for purchase, many of which may be of interest to parents, teachers, academics and braille readers alike.

Hadley Braille Courses
The Hadley School for the Blind provides a wide variety of courses for a number of different populations (blind and visually impaired adult learners, sighted family members, and professionals within the blindness field). This link provides a list of some of the braille related courses they offer, ranging from those that introduce the braille code, to those that provide instructional strategies for teaching braille to children and adults.

Paths To Literacy
This website is a joint project between the Perkins School for the Blind and the Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired. It provides a wealth of information and resources related to literacy for students who are blind or visually impaired, including those who have additional disabilities. It is an excellent resource for both parents and teachers, and contains both original content and links to other relevant websites and articles.

This is an excellent resource for parents and teachers. It includes activities and games for educating sighted classmates about braille, resources for teaching and learning braille, and information about where to obtain braille books for children and other materials related to braille learning:

PRCVI - Braille Literacy
Resources for teaching braille, including links to online tutorials for teaching specific skills (such as map reading) from the BC Provincial Resource Centre for the Visually Impaired.

Supporting General Education Classroom Teachers of Braille-Reading Students
A resource from SET-BC for classroom teachers working with a braille-using student.

Perkins Braille webcasts
A collection of braille- and literacy-related webcasts available on the Perkins website.

Tactual Learner
This website (developed by the Statewide Vision resource center in Australia) contains many resources for early tactile learning, teaching braille, creating tactile books and games to promote braille literacy, as well as resources specifically related to Unified English Braille.

Adding More Spice to a Braille Literacy Program
Tips for introducing new contractions through games/activities.

Feelin’ Groovy
An article that discusses how parents and teachers of students with visual impairments could develop their functional tactual skills.

PRCVI Braille Literacy resources
The BC Provincial Resource Center for the Visually Impaired compiled this list of braille literacy resources.

Sight Connections
Lifetime Magnetic Braille Calendar.

Compact Braille Calendar from the American Action Fund


APH “Fun with Braille”
This book, available through the American Printing House for the Blind, contains many fun and entertaining practise activities for both children and adults who are learning contracted braille.

Perkins Products “Drawing with your Perkins brailler”
Written by Perkins Braille & Talking Book Library Director Kim Charlson, this book contains step-by-step directions for creating 36 different drawings including basic shapes, various animals, and pictures with holiday and transportation themes. The actual braille pictures are included to show what the drawings will look like when completed.

So What About Drawing?
A fun and free book available in PDF format that contains directions for creating many different drawings (both simple and more complex) with the Perkins brailler. A wonderful resource for creating braille art and also practising different contractions along the way. There are instructions for creating shamrocks, Christmas trees, sailboats, bears, angels, flags and much more.

Braille into the Next Millennium
A comprehensive and extensive 600-page anthology of articles by more than two dozen international experts in the field of braille, this ample volume is divided into three sections: braille in the past, braille in the present, and braille in the future – Note that this book is also available for loan to clients of the CNIB library.

The UEB & BANA Braille Reading Program – I Do Like It
An immersive Braille Reading Program that introduces contracted braille. The 13 book course is in Duxbury Braille Translator format (with a UEB version) and also includes a print version in MS Word.

Teaching the Braille Slate and Stylus
(print book) by Phil Mangold.

Mangold Exclusives
Mangold curricular resources (programs and other accessories) for teaching braille and more.

Downloadable Publications

World Braille Usage, Third Edition
Developed with support from Perkins, the International Council on English Braille, and the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, this third edition of World Braille Usage attempts to document the current state of braille around the world.


Tactile Graphics Report - Braille and PDF
This report outlines recommendations regarding production methods for tactile graphics. 

Braille is Beautiful
A curriculum from the National Federation of the Blind for introducing braille and its importance to general education classrooms.

APH: The Braille Rap Song
A catchy song created by two teachers as a fun way to teach braille to their students. The American Printing House for the Blind (APH) provides the lyrics along with a download of the recorded song.

Braille Activities for Children
The Professional Development and Research Institute on Blindness compiled a page filled with tons of activities for teaching braille to the very young child, from tactile awareness (pre-braille) to contracted braille symbols. Included in this comprehensive resource are games, activities, books and other creative ideas for teaching a number of braille related skills.

Tactile Vision (braille greeting cards)
A producer of tactile/braille greeting cards for many occasions. Cards are 5” by 7” and include a raised-line graphic with a greeting in both print and braille. They also have a line of products which include coloring books, children’s books, educational tools, maps, calendars and much more.

CNIB Braille Creative Writing Contest
An annual contest for primary and secondary students in Canada. Students can submit a story or poem in any level of braille for a chance to win prizes.

Braille T-shirts and Braille Designs (sister websites)
Braille jewellery, gifts and custom-made t-shirts.

ViA Apps by Braille Institute
A database of relevant apps for the visually impaired. Apps are divided into different categories, including a “braille” category which contains many braille teaching and learning related apps.

Exceptional Teaching Aids
Raised line coloring books and related accessories (such as anti-role crayons that can be labeled with braille) for children with visual impairments:

Future Aids
The Braille Superstore: Thousands of Braille books, toys, games, kitchen aids, and other products

Tack-Tiles® Braille Systems
These Braille blocks provide a unique bridge, a smoother, shorter, more interesting path to Braille literacy. Now in English, French, German, Spanish, and Italian literary Braille Code as well as Nemeth Braille Code for mathematics, Braille code for music notation, and computer Braille code.