Programs & Services
Newsletter - June 2020
In This Issue
- President's Message (Natalie Martiniello, BLC President)
- Press Release: Braille Literacy Canada Celebrates the 10th Anniversary of the Adoption of Unified English Braille
- Press release: Braille Literacy Canada Honours Dr. Cay Holbrook with the 2020 President's Award
- In it for the long haul: Supporting the future BLC (Anthony Tibbs, BLC Treasurer)
- National AccessAbility Week: Celebrating 30 Years of BLC
- A Tribute to Dot One (Daphne Hitchcock, BLC Vice-President)
- ICEB Announcement: Code Maintenance Committee (CMC)
- Using Braille with Zoom (Kim Kilpatrick, BLC Secretary)
- BLC on YouTube!
- June 20, 2020 Teleconference Workshop: Getting Started with Braille Screen Input on the iPhone: Hands-On Strategies for Success (Kim Kilpatrick and Leo Bissonnette)
- Ode to My Brailling Fingers (Daphne Hitchcock, BLC Vice-President)
- A workaround for remote math instruction in braille (Daphne Hitchcock, BLC Vice-President)
- Free Braille Books Looking for a New Home!
- Social media updates
By Natalie Martiniello, BLC President
Dear BLC members and friends,
Thank you to all those who joined us for the 2020 AGM. Though we could not meet in person, we valued this time with many of you to look back on another successful year of accomplishments and to share in the excitement of another busy year ahead. Congratulations!
We know that 2020 is a difficult year for many. We express our special thanks to the incredible teachers who continue to work so passionately for students with visual impairments throughout the country. Whether you are a parent, teacher, transcriber or braille user, please reach out to us if we can provide resources or support.
In this moment, I am reminded of why it is that literacy is so vital a skill. Whether it is used to share first-hand stories and new perspectives, to reach out across the globe to others, to put into words the thoughts and feelings we carry with us, to bring humour or comfort, to teach and learn from one another, to pursue math and science and work towards important new discoveries and cures, to compose music, write poetry and tell stories - all of this begins and ends with the ability to read and write. This is what literacy is and this is why we continue to champion braille.
Here are some highlights from our AGM:
Announcing your 2020-2021 BLC Board
On our BLC board, we continue to have a mix of braille readers, educators, transcribers and producers from across the country. This year, we would like to thank Cheryl Roberts-Dupasquier who recently completed her term as director, and we welcome two new board members to the team. Ashley Shaw and Tami Grenon are both longtime braille users and bring with them plenty of enthusiasm and experience. Tami has already taken on the role of Chair of our Membership committee, and Ashley is now managing our Brailler Bounce program. These ladies know how to hit the ground running! Here is your 2020-2021 board:
- Natalie Martiniello (President)
- Daphne Hitchcock (Vice-President)
- Kim Kilpatrick (Secretary, rep for Canadian Council of the Blind)
- Anthony Tibbs (Treasurer)
- Jen Goulden (Past President)
- Jen Jesso
- Dwila Nixon
- Glenda M. Parsons
- Jessica Blouin (rep for T-Base Communications)
- Laurie Moore (rep for W. Ross)
- Melanie Romer-Noel (rep for CNIB)
- Ashley Shaw
- Tami Grenon
Building braille bridges and Zooming through braille
One of the most exciting initiatives we have launched in recent months and one that is personally close to my heart is the Braille Zoomers program, a virtual peer-support group for adult and older adult braille learners. Whether you are currently learning braille or simply thinking about it, this group is for you. Braille Literacy Canada wholeheartedly believes that no adult with vision loss should encounter barriers to learning braille.
I would like to thank the many braille users who have volunteered to help co-moderate these discussions. In sharing our experiences, we all leave having learned so much. Stay tuned for more exciting announcements as we expand this program in the coming year.
Congratulations Cay: The 2020 President's Award Recipient
This year, the BLC board had the great pleasure of presenting the 2020 President's Award to longtime member Dr. Cay Holbrook. Cay's contributions to the field of blindness are lengthy and remarkable, but it is her passion and dedication to literacy and equitable education that stands out to us most.
If you have ever had the pleasure of working with Cay on a project, you will know that her excitement and passion for braille literacy is contagious. Cay brings to each initiative a wealth of expertise and knowledge, but also a strong sense of commitment and enthusiasm. We thank Cay for her many contributions, but also for being such an enthusiastic, dedicated, committed educator and researcher working on behalf of students with visual impairments everyday.
In this issue, you will find a copy of the press release circulated about this announcement. Thank you Cay!
Edie Mourre Recipients
The Edie Mourre scholarship provides financial support to people in Canada pursuing braille transcription courses. This fund, in memory of longtime member and dedicated braille transcriber Edie Mourre, is granted to recipients each year at our AGM.
This year, we are pleased to announce that two recipients have been selected:
- Sarah Ruta is a teacher from Ontario who is pursuing the required braille courses through Western University to become a qualified TVI.
- Kim Giesbrecht from Manitoba is an Educational Assistant Braillist who is working with low vision students and will be pursuing the CNIB UEB transcriber's course. We wish them both the best with their future endeavours!
If you'd like to learn more about the Edie Mourre scholarship, write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Thank you Phyllis!
Phyllis Landon, longtime member of Braille Literacy Canada, recently retired after a decade as Chair of the ICEB UEB Code Maintenance Committee (CMC). We thank her for her thoughtful leadership and for sharing her incredible depth of knowledge during her time as Chair. We are so fortunate to count her among us in Canada.
We would also like to congratulate Kathy Riessen of Australia for being appointed as the incoming Chair of the CMC. Kathy has been an active member of this committee and we look forward to supporting the work of this committee in the years ahead.
Thank you Phyllis for your tireless work over the years, and on behalf of the entire Canadian braille community, welcome Kathy!
30 Years of Achievement
What were you doing 30 years ago? In so many ways, the world is a different place. Braille has continued to evolve alongside print throughout this time, a true testament to its versatility and ingenuity. At the same time though, braille is what it always has been: the only tactile code that could prevail above all others, because it was designed so perfectly to enable both reading and writing.
Thirty years ago, I was six years old and at the start of my braille literacy journey. Ironically enough, so was this organization. BLC, then the Canadian Braille Authority, was established in 1990. This year, as we mark the 30th anniversary of our organization, we have so many accomplishments to celebrate. In establishing the Canadian Braille Authority, Canada gained a voice on the international stage to contribute to - and actively engage in - important braille discussions that have defined the decades since then.
Though we could not meet in person to commemorate this important milestone, your BLC board has been working diligently behind the scenes. In the coming weeks and months, you can look forward to announcements about the following 30th anniversary initiatives:
- a special virtual round table discussion bringing together the past, present and future of BLC
- a special newsletter publication in commemoration of our 30th anniversary
- the launch of an interactive historical timeline on our website to document CBA/BLC milestones and key figures
We look forward to sharing more about the above as the weeks and months unfold.
As always, you are invited to write to me anytime at email@example.com.
Happy DeafBlind Awareness Month
Here is a random fact about Helen Keller -- Did you know she read braille with her left hand?
On behalf of the entire board, we wish you a happy DeafBlind Awareness Month.
In the foreword to the book Braille into the Next Millennium, Frank Kurt Cylke wrote, "With a tactile medium such as #braille comes literacy -- spelling, writing and broad communication possibilities are open and available. With literacy comes the possibility of freedom. With freedom comes the possibility of endless achievement -- from pleasant living to significant social contributions." We at Braille Literacy Canada could not agree more.
President, Braille Literacy Canada
Press Release: Braille Literacy Canada Celebrates the 10th Anniversary of the Adoption of Unified English Braille
June 1, 2020 - As part of National AccessAbility Week, Braille Literacy Canada, formerly the Canadian Braille Authority (CBA), is taking this opportunity to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the adoption of Unified English Braille (UEB) in Canada. In the decade since, UEB has been successfully implemented across the country.
"Almost 30 years ago in 1991, a group of braille users, transcribers and educators got together to talk about a dream they hoped could be realized." states Betty Nobel, a braille user and educator who was president of the organization at the time of the vote. "They wanted to standardize English braille so that more books and other resources could be shared. They wanted one code for literary and technical materials. With the adoption of Unified English Braille by eight English-speaking countries this has been achieved, and Canada was the first country in North America to adopt this new code in April 2010. It was a very proud moment for everyone involved in the decision."
At its General Assembly in 2004, the International Council on English Braille (ICEB) approved UEB for adoption and it has now been implemented in all ICEB member countries: Australia, Canada, Ireland, Nigeria, New Zealand, South Africa, the United Kingdom and the United States. Countries throughout Europe and Asia where English is prevalent are also using UEB. It was on April 24th, 2010 that the members of the CBA voted to adopt UEB for use in Canada at the Annual General Meeting in Toronto.
BLC celebrates this notable achievement and we sincerely thank all of those whose efforts have made the dream a reality.
Press release: Braille Literacy Canada Honours Dr. Cay Holbrook with the 2020 President's Award
May 24, 2020 - President Natalie Martiniello, on behalf of the board of Braille Literacy Canada (BLC), presented the 2020 President's Award to Dr. Cay Holbrook at the Annual General Meeting held on May 9th, 2020. Established in 2018 and awarded annually, the award recognizes individuals who have made significant contributions to braille literacy in Canada.
"Dr. Holbrook is the true definition of a passionate and dedicated educator, who believes strongly in the power of literacy. Her leadership has enabled BLC to engage with important braille issues within Canada. Her dedication to literacy and the enthusiasm she always brings is contagious. We are so fortunate to have her among us," states BLC President, Natalie Martiniello.
Dr. Holbrook's contributions to braille both in Canada and internationally are longstanding, and a testament to the enthusiasm and passion she has always shown for braille literacy and equitable education. Her career began as a teacher of students with visual impairments (TVI) in South Carolina, before she shifted her focus to the education of future teachers at both John Hopkins University and the University of Arkansas. In 1998, Dr. Holbrook moved to Vancouver, British Columbia, where she began her role as Associate Professor in Special Education at the University of British Columbia (UBC). It is thanks to her outstanding leadership that the Masters of Education (Blindness and Visual Impairment Concentration) transitioned to a hybrid (distance + on-campus) model, allowing many more students to pursue the field from their home regions. This flexible teacher preparation program continues to be well regarded in the field and has allowed UBC to support communities throughout Canada with skilled and highly qualified TVIs.
Dr. Holbrook served on the BLC board for many years, where she spearheaded braille initiatives to support the teaching and learning of braille literacy, including research on the characteristics of braille reading children, the landmark ABC braille study, research on tactile graphic standards, standards for teachers on braille reading and writing, and a manual to support classroom teachers. Along with others, she was instrumental during the development and implementation of Unified English Braille in Canada. Among her numerous publications, the Learning Media Assessment continues to provide vital guidance to TVIs when designing literacy-rich educational programs for students.
While her accomplishments are many, Dr. Holbrook's greatest contribution is her genuine passion for braille literacy. "Cay deeply cares about equitable access and the need to make reading both functional and meaningful, through the use of a variety of tools and media," adds BLC Vice-President Daphne Hitchcock.
BLC is honoured to recognize Dr. Holbrook for her years of dedication to the organization and to braille literacy.
In it for the long haul: Supporting the future BLC
By Anthony Tibbs, BLC Treasurer
Over the past ten years, I have watched BLC blossom like a flower, strengthening its roots and sprouting new tendrils from its sturdy root stalk. Historically focused on the technicalities of braille (codes, rules, and everything else that we do as the ICEB authority for braille in Canada) and supporting the needs of teachers, I've witnessed a major expansion of our scope to providing a great deal more for the average braille reader.
Whether it is by connecting braille users with Perkins braillers through the Brailler Bounce project, providing remote peer and community support for aspiring braille readers through the Braille Zoomers program, or engaging with members and the public through our social media efforts, BLC has become an important part of braille readers' lives across the country. There is no other organization in Canada that does this work. We are unique and special.
The need for BLC's support will continue to grow, and I want to make sure that we have the resources we need to continue offering all of these wonderful programs long into the future.
The most powerful way that you can help me do that is by becoming a monthly donor. As a monthly donor, you'll know you're supporting braille readers (from children to seniors) each and every day. Your ongoing support ensures that braille readers and aspiring brailel readers in need are reached and provided the support they need. With the help of ongoing monthly donors, BLC will be better able to plan for the future.
No amount is too small. $100 pays for re-homing of a Perkins brailler. $50 puts three braille books into the hands of a child. $25 helps assemble Braille Zoomer kits for new braille readers. $10 covers the cost of hosting a teleconference workshop.
National AccessAbility Week: Celebrating 30 Years of BLC
During this year's National Accessibility Week (held May 30th - June 5th), we are celebrating the 30th anniversary of Braille Literacy Canada, originally the Canadian Braille Authority, on our social media platforms. Here is what some of your BLC board members had to say:
Natalie Martiniello: Thirty years ago, my braille learning journey began and ironically, so did that of the Canadian Braille Authority. My teacher told me at that time that braille would change my life. When I lost the rest of my vision years later, I could continue to read and write because of braille. She could not have been more right. Back then, I remember excitedly waiting for books to arrive in the mail and I would love reading through the physical braille book catalogues I would get from the CNIB library. Today, I still love reading through physical books, but I can also carry thousands of braille books with me on one device wherever I go, and often have instant access to braille.
Jen Goulden: Thirty years ago I could not read the books I wanted, when I wanted. Thanks to iBooks, Kindle and refreshable braille I now have instant braille access to more books than I could ever have imagined possible.
Jessica Blouin: I would love to see an increase in the speed of braille transcription to ensure that every student and braille readers are able to receive their Braille and Graphic material in a more timely and efficient manner.
Ashley Shaw: Thirty years ago, I was a preschooler learning to read braille and learning to use my first Perkins brailler. Today, I use braille screen input on smartphones to take notes, send text messages and emails, enter complex passwords online, and so much more. Braille makes me fast and efficient, pairing beautifully with technology to bring the information world to my fingertips.
Tami Grenon: Thirty years ago, I did not have access to the multitude of cookbooks that were available to print readers. Now with iBooks, Kindle and refreshable braille displays, I can peruse so many delicious recipes from top chefs and I can keep up with the latest trends in the culinary world. I would love to see more affordable braille displays so that everyone who wants to access braille using their computer or smart phone could do so.
Kim Kilpatrick: Thirty years ago, I was always sad when I entered libraries or bookstores because I could not easily access timely information in braille. Now I can read anything I want, news, books, magazines, and I can write and edit for my one woman shows. Braille is ever evolving.
Daphne Hitchcock: Thirty years ago, when producing braille copy for my students I strived always for perfect copy, if there was an error, it meant re-brailling the entire sheet of work before giving it out as an assignment. Today I can produce copy on a computer, and insert the corrections or editions before embossing perfect braille copy and assigning it to the students. Thirty years ago, braille at school meant learning two very distinct codes for literary and mathematics, today, thanks to the development of Unified English Braille (UEB), students learn one dynamic code. Thirty years ago, braille was limited to accessible hard copy, but in keeping with the proliferation of technology and advancements in refreshable braille devices, the availability of braille is ever increasing. Braille, not only endures the test of time, but proves to be a vigorous and energetic code that supports literacy for all.
Dwila Nixon: I began my journey with braille in 2008 as a TSVI. I immediately became a supporter for accessibility to literacy via braille. I advocated for the transition from EBAE (English Braille American Edition) and Nemeth Code to UEB (Unified English Braille code) because I believed that it would open a world of opportunity for my students. It meant that English-speaking countries would align in their use of braille and that one code would support literacy, numeracy, and other technical braille. It also translated better online, which meant that the use of technology became more accessible for braille users. I am most excited about a future of equality for braille users as disability laws recognize the rights of individuals to access literacy on par with their sighted peers! The future of braille is bright, and I am very excited to be a part of it!
A Tribute to Dot One
By Daphne Hitchcock, BLC Vice-President
Dot one. Single and complete. It is the only dot that can truly stand on its own merit and call out a sound, a letter, a word. 'A' found in the top left of the braille cell represents the first letter of the alphabet, and signals us to 'read on', to 'read on'.
Dot one holds hands with dot two to give us letter b and similarly it partners with dot four to complete the a-b-c trilogy. It is a friend to many. In fact, dot one finds itself in the enviable premier position of twenty-one letters. And if that is not enough, dot one emboldens itself in whole word contractions, and for of.
Dot one holds its head high. One might ask, "which child shall this outshine"? No other dot can brag of such consequence.
Readers will note, that dot one stands out predominately within a line of braille letters. It is there, solitary but powerful.
Little dot one is the beacon of infinite possibilities as we begin to read braille.
ICEB Announcement: Code Maintenance Committee (CMC)
Editor's Note: The following was sent out on the ICEB announcement list. Along with ICEB, we at BLC would like to express our sincere thanks to Phyllis Landon for her dedication to braille and her many years of service as the CMC Chair. We'd also like to welcome Kathy Riessen of Australia as the incoming Chair and wish her every success in this new role. If you'd like to receive ICEB announcements directly, go to http://www.iceb.org/icontact.htm or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
After ten years as Chair of the Unified English Braille Code Maintenance Committee (UEB CMC), Phyllis Landon has stepped down from her position as of 31 May 2020. Phyllis' maximum term as Chair was originally due to end at the ICEB General Assembly earlier this month. She now hands over to Kathy Riessen of Australia, who is on the slate for nomination as Chair of the CMC at the postponed General Assembly in October. Observers on the UEB Code Maintenance Committee listserv will already be familiar with Kathy's well-considered and balanced approach to braille code problem solving. She has helped moved many issues forward through her contributions as an observer and has our full confidence and support as the new Chair.
The UEB Code Maintenance Committee is the most active of ICEB's subcommittees, being responsible for decision-making and documentation regarding Unified English Braille. ICEB extends its deepest gratitude for the thoughtful leadership, incredible dedication and depth of knowledge that Phyllis has so generously devoted to the CMC and the international braille community over the last decade. She oversaw the creation of the first and second editions of the Rules of Unified English Braille as the comprehensive reference for literary braille. She gracefully steered her Committee through technically difficult and contentious decisions such as the assignment of braille symbols for the apostrophe and quotation marks. And she has launched a major revision and expansion of the Guidelines for Technical Materials.
Phyllis has now been appointed as an invited expert of the Code Maintenance Committee, allowing her to take part in discussions and vote on important matters. Bill Jolley of Australia has retired from his position as an invited expert but will continue as an observer on the CMC listserv.
With gratitude and best wishes,
Public Relations Officer
International Council on English Braille
Using Braille with Zoom
By Kim Kilpatrick, BLC Secretary
Over the past few months, all of us have learned more about zoom and other online meeting platforms. Zoom seems to be one of the most accessible and is one of the most popular platforms in use during this pandemic. Many blind zoomers find it somewhat distracting to hear their screen reader of choice announcing who is entering and leaving meetings, who is sending chat messages to the group, and having the focus jump around on screen as people talk over Zoom.
I have found that using refreshable braille displays with zoom is invaluable both as a meeting participant and as a host of meetings.
With speech turned off, I use braille to learn who is on the call, read text chat messages, identify who has raised hands, mute or unmute participants, and perform all functions within zoom. I never use zoom without braille and encourage everyone using zoom who has access to an electronic braille display to try it.
Become familiar with the keyboard shortcuts for zoom on the PC and how to use your braille display to execute these. Also, become familiar with the braille commands used with Voiceover on IOS devices and where you can find the buttons to perform these functions in braille.
As Zoom updates its software, sometimes the layouts and commands change but they have always remained accessible.
If anyone wants help using braille with zoom, contact me at email@example.com and I can assist you.
BLC on YouTube!
To expand our mission and ability to share easy to access information and resources about braille, BLC is in the process of launching a YouTube channel.
For now, check out these incredible videos created by exceptional TVI and board member Dwila Nixon, which provide step-by-step instructions on how to load and remove braille paper and how to use proper tracking techniques during braille reading. Thank you Dwila!
Loading and removing braille paper: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=utTsCPEQeNE&fbclid=IwAR1c5SfalCMhjTGUCvWrjUw9RwdAfi0UFQTmhEeXnSW7b3LwD8zDsQiiB-I
Braille tracking techniques: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oFx4LKGkAMw&fbclid=IwAR3e5lpxPMaNESGRvg8egSvyd3zO4HtX2O4f14vuRf11EeHBucvM_TCfHh4
Looking for videos on other braille related topics? Write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org with your ideas!
June 20, 2020 Teleconference Workshop: Getting Started with Braille Screen Input on the iPhone: Hands-On Strategies for Success
By Kim Kilpatrick and Leo Bissonnette
Braille screen input on iDevices is a powerful and wonderful tool. Participants in this workshop will learn all they need to know to get started with braille screen input on the iPhone. Topics include:
- Enabling braille screen input
- Using contracted or uncontracted braille
- Working with braille screen input
- Typing feedback
- Braille input screen gestures
- Important tips for users
A detailed step by step overview will be provided with hands-on demonstrations. Time will be allotted during the final portion of the workshop to answer questions and to provide one-on-one assistance.
This workshop is hosted by BLC and Get Together with Technology (GTT). It will be of interest to braille users, teachers and parents.
Date: Saturday, June 20th, 2020
Time: 1:00-2:30 PM Eastern (10am Pacific, 11am Mountain/Saskatchewan, 12pm Central, 2pm Atlantic)
Cost: The teleconference is free for BLC members and the cost for non-members is $20.00
Please note that if you are part of an organization that is a corporate member of BLC, our teleconferences are free for you as well.
To register: Send an email to email@example.com by Thursday, June 18th.
We hope you can join us to learn more about this tool that brings braille and mainstream technology together!
Ode to My Brailling Fingers
By Daphne Hitchcock, BLC Vice-President
These are my brailling fingers (clap, clap)
These are my brailling fingers -
Number one, number one
Is straight but fun!
Number two, number two
How do you do?
Number three, number three
Come and play with me.
These are my brailling fingers (clap, clap)
These are my brailling fingers -
Number four, number four
Knocking on the door.
Number five, number five
Doing a little jive!
Number six, number six
Jumping the mix.
These are my brailling fingers (clap, clap)
These are my brailling fingers!
A workaround for remote math instruction in braille
By Daphne Hitchcock, BLC Vice-President
Distance learning through video conferencing has highlighted many challenges for families and students.
While using the Zoom platform, my student and I have found an ideal work around for math instruction. She like to use a Math Window, a magnetic board with moveable braille tiles.
My student places an acrylic table top shelf over the math window, and puts her phone camera onto the shelf.
While giving her equations to set up, I can readily view her work as she manipulates the magnetic tiles on the board and direct her as needed.
It is not quite the same experience as sitting in close proximity, but it works and this workaround has enabled us to move ahead with the set up and completion of complex math equations.
Free Braille Books Looking for a New Home!
In the summer of 2019, BLC received requests to find new homes for a wide variety of braille books. We now have several books that are free for the asking. Some were donated because their owners no longer needed or wanted them and others have been donated by provincial resource centres updating their materials to UEB. Unless otherwise specified, all of the books in the list below are in contracted pre-UEB braille.
If you would like to adopt any of these books please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
From RNIB in the UK
- Peter James Dead like You
- Peter James Dead Man's Footsteps
- Peter James Not Dead Yet
- Peter James Dead Man's Time
- Peter James Dead Simple
- Peter James Looking Good Dead
- Peter James Not Dead Enough
- Peter James Dead Tomorrow
- Peter James Dead Man's Grip
Carolyn Keene -- Nancy Drew
- Mystery At Moorsea Manor 150
- Whispers in the Fog 153
- Mystery By Moonlight 167
- Music Festival Mystery 157
- Mystery on Maui 143
- Mystery in Tornado Alley 155
- The mystery of the Mother Wolf 164
- The Wild Cat Crime 141
- The Missing Horse Mystery 145
- The Mistletoe Mystery 169
- The Secret of Candlelight Inn 139
- The Bike Tour Mystery 168
- The Secret of the Fiery Chamber 159
- The Secret in the Stars 166
Social media updates
Here are just some of the gems posted on the BLC social media pages since the last issue. To receive these updates instantly, like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter!
The Virtual ExCELL Academy recordings are available online! Tons of braille related topics covered: https://www.youtube.com/user/aphftb/videos?fbclid=IwAR3LgsdBJq8r3dgLNA2m9bAgvSjexsLL1aXuWg2otynDBlHgGSVLMCRHMFI
Tactile Reading Conference: Norway 2020 - Still a few days left to submit your abstracts! https://www.statped.no/tactilereading2021?fbclid=IwAR3PTXUT_dOdLcbyLyQS0jF3nsJj5bHcXGcak2rgBdNcUE1p09Vql4BZxiI
From Perkins - Playing with Words is a collaborative approach to play-based storytelling with students who are blind or visually impaired who have additional disabilities, including those who are autistic or deafblind: https://www.pathstoliteracy.org/playing-words?utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Playing+with+Words+A+Collaborative+Approach+to+Play-Based+Storytelling&utm_content=Playing+with+Words+A+Collaborative+Approach+to+Play-Based+Storytelling+CID_c37e982e28135707a6b750e63d46a31f&utm_source=Paths+to+Literacy+Newsletter&utm_term=More+on+Playing+with+Words&fbclid=IwAR16aABTHXMoTo8PL9v2TLXTvkfRk2EJrrNPbrS74U2_Tj3pPwxCMg6_Sxg